Bharat Ratna Award 2024: India’s Highest Civilian Award


Bharat Ratna Award, Bharat Ratna Award Symbol, Winner list, benefits, how to get?, Impact and Significance

Bharat Ratna Award: The Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, is a prestigious honor bestowed upon individuals who have made exceptional contributions in various fields, ranging from art and literature to science and public service.

Instituted on January 2, 1954, the award holds immense significance in recognizing outstanding achievements and exemplary service to the nation. This article explores the history, selection process, notable recipients, and the broader impact of the Bharat Ratna award on Indian society.

Bharat Ratna Award Symbols

The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award in India, conferred upon individuals who have made exceptional contributions to various fields such as arts, literature, science, public service, and social services.

However, the Bharat Ratna does not have any specific symbols associated with it. It is primarily represented by the prestigious honor itself, along with a medallion and a certificate.

The medallion of the Bharat Ratna features the emblem of India, which consists of a replica of the Lion Capital of Ashoka with the words “Satyameva Jayate” inscribed below.

The emblem is surrounded by a circular design with the words “Bharat Ratna” inscribed in Devanagari script. The medallion is made of gold and is worn as a pendant.

The certificate accompanying the Bharat Ratna is signed by the President of India and bears the national emblem at the top. It includes the recipient’s name, the date of the award, and a citation recognizing their exceptional achievements.

Overall, while the Bharat Ratna does not have specific symbols exclusive to the award, the medallion and certificate play a significant role in representing and honoring its recipients.

Historical Context and Evolution

The idea of the Bharat Ratna was first conceived by former President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, and the then-Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, to recognize outstanding individuals who had made significant contributions to the nation.

Initially, the award was limited to recognizing exceptional achievements in the fields of arts, literature, science, and public service. However, in 2011, the eligibility criteria were expanded to include any field of human endeavor.

Selection Process and Criteria

The Bharat Ratna Award is awarded by the President of India, based on the recommendations of the Prime Minister. The selection process is carried out by a committee comprising the Prime Minister, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha (the lower house of Parliament), the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha, the Chief Justice of India, and eminent personalities from various fields. The award is not conferred posthumously, except in highly exceptional cases.

To be considered for the Bharat Ratna Award, individuals must meet the following criteria: they should have achieved exceptional accomplishments, rendered distinguished service, or made outstanding contributions to the society at large.

The award does not discriminate based on race, religion, caste, gender, or occupation, making it a symbol of inclusivity and national unity.

Bharat Ratna Award Winners List

Over the years, the Bharat Ratna Award has been bestowed upon numerous exceptional individuals who have left an indelible mark on Indian society. Lis of the notable recipients included below:

1954C. Rajagopalachari
1954Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
1954C. V. Raman
1955Bhagwan Das
1955Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
1955Jawaharlal Nehru
1957Govind Ballabh Pant
1958Dhondo Keshav Karve
1961Bidhan Chandra Roy
1961Purushottam Das Tandon
1962Rajendra Prasad
1963Zakir Hussain
1963Pandurang Vaman Kane
1966Lal Bahadur Shastri
1971Indira Gandhi
1975V. V. Giri
1976K. Kamaraj
1980Mother Teresa
1983Vinoba Bhave
1987Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
1988M. G. Ramachandran
1990B. R. Ambedkar
1990Nelson Mandela
1991Rajiv Gandhi
1991Vallabhbhai Patel
1991Morarji Desai
1992Abdul Kalam Azad
1992J. R. D. Tata
1992Satyajit Ray
1997Gulzarilal Nanda
1997Aruna Asaf Ali
1997A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
1998M. S. Subbulakshmi
1998Chidambaram Subramaniam
1999Jayaprakash Narayan
1999Amartya Sen
1999Gopinath Bordoloi
1999Ravi Shankar
2001Lata Mangeshkar
2001Bismillah Khan
2008Bhimsen Joshi
2014C. N. R. Rao
2014Sachin Tendulkar
2015Madan Mohan Malaviya
2015Atal Bihari Vajpayee
2019Pranab Mukherjee
2019Nanaji Deshmukh
2019Bhupen Hazarika
2021C. T. Ravi Shankar
Bharat Ratna Award Winners List

Impact and Significance

The Bharat Ratna Award serves as a beacon of inspiration and a testament to the diversity of talent and contributions in India. The award recognizes not only excellence in the arts, literature, and science but also acknowledges social reformers, sportspersons, and individuals who have made significant contributions to public service.

The Bharat Ratna holds immense cultural and societal significance. It not only honors individual achievements but also acts as a source of national pride and motivation for future generations. The recipients of the Bharat Ratna become role models, embodying the values of hard work, dedication, and service to society.

Bharat Ratna Award Benefits

The Bharat Ratna Award is the highest civilian award in India, bestowed upon individuals who have made exceptional contributions to various fields including art, literature, science, public service, and social services.

While the Bharat Ratna is primarily a recognition of an individual’s outstanding achievements and contributions to the nation, it does not come with specific financial or material benefits. However, receiving the Bharat Ratna brings several indirect benefits and honors, including:

  1. Prestige and Recognition: The Bharat Ratna is a highly prestigious honor and is widely recognized both in India and internationally. It symbolizes the highest level of achievement in various fields, and recipients are respected and revered for their contributions.
  2. National Recognition: The award serves as a mark of recognition by the Indian government for the recipient’s exceptional services to the nation. It acknowledges their dedication, talent, and accomplishments, and highlights their contributions as role models for the citizens of India.
  3. Immortality: The Bharat Ratna is a lifetime achievement award, and it confers a sense of immortality to the recipient. Their legacy and contributions are forever enshrined in the annals of Indian history.
  4. Increased Opportunities: The Bharat Ratna can open up new opportunities and avenues for recipients. It can enhance their visibility and influence, leading to invitations for speaking engagements, collaborations, and participation in important national and international events.
  5. Encouragement and Inspiration: The Bharat Ratna serves as an inspiration to others, especially to young people who aspire to make a significant impact in their respective fields. Recipients become role models and their achievements motivate others to strive for excellence.
  6. Financial Support: Although the Bharat Ratna itself does not come with financial benefits, the government may provide certain allowances or perks to the recipients, such as travel allowances, security, and medical facilities. However, the specific financial support may vary depending on government policies and the recipient’s circumstances.

It’s important to note that the Bharat Ratna is primarily an honorary award that recognizes exceptional achievements and contributions, and its true value lies in the recognition and respect it bestows upon the recipient rather than in tangible benefits.


The Bharat Ratna Award, India’s highest civilian award, stands as a symbol of national recognition for exceptional contributions and distinguished service. Through its long and illustrious history, it has honored exceptional individuals from various fields, inspiring generations and instilling a sense of national pride.

As India continues to progress, the Bharat Ratna will remain a prestigious accolade, celebrating excellence and inspiring future generations to make their mark on the nation’s rich tapestry of achievements.

FAQs About Bharat Ratna Award

who got bharat ratna award in 2014?

Sachin Tendulkar.

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